Diabetes is a chronic medical condition which involves elevated blood sugar levels. The metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats directly or indirectly results in producing the substance glucose, also known as blood sugar. Glucose is required to supply energy to every cell in the human body. If glucose levels become too high, then they become poisonous to the brain and other body organs. With diabetes, two main problems can happen. One is a deficiency of insulin, a hormone made by the pancreas that carries glucose into cells. The second is the resistance of the cells to insulin so that blood sugar cannot go into the cells. According to the American Diabetes Association, 6.2% of the population has diabetes; with one third of the people unaware they have the disease.
One in every sixteen people has diabetes. Many cases of blindness, amputations, and death because of the circulatory problems of diabetes. Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic disorders in which the body doesn’t produce adequate insulin, the hormone used to metabolize blood sugar(glucose). When glucose isn’t metabolized efficiently, blood sugar levels rise, and this leads to reduced energy, growth, and immune response. Eventually, this can cause damage and eventual failure of many organs, such as heart, blood vessels, kidneys, nerves, and eyes.
Diabetes is divided into 3 prevalent forms:-
Type 1 diabetes, typically referred to as insulin-dependent or juvenile-onset, seems to be an autoimmune disease (where the body’s own immune cells attack it) and is the most serious of the two.
Type 2 diabetes, often called adult-onset or non-insulin dependent diabetes, is by far the more common of the two: about 90 to 95 percent of the diabetes in the United States is type 2. It strikes during adulthood, most often in the elderly or in the obese over forty. It is becoming more and more normal with children, because of the lack of exercise, obesity, and poor dietary habits. People who have type 2 can create sufficient insulin, but the insulin and the glucose it transports cannot effectively enter into the cells. This group of diabetes is frequently linked to a diet that is high in refined carbohydrates and low in fiber, and it can usually be treated with an effective diet, exercise, and specific nutritional supplements.