Blackheads- they look just as unattractive as the name sounds. They can appear suddenly overnight without warning and once they do make an appearance, they don’t ever seem to want to disappear. Blackheads are not painful, however their appearance is a clear indication that the pores of your skin desperately need to be cared for. When blackheads are left untreated, they can spread quite rapidly. The most common places for them to appear are on the chin, around the nose and on the nose.
What Causes Blackheads?
In medical terms a blackhead is referred to as an open comedo. It is a non-inflamed mark of acne that is black or dark brown in color on the pore’s surface. They are frequently mistaken for dirt that you can scrub off. However, that isn’t possible. What they are really are is a combination of acne-causing bacteria, sebum (excess oil) and dead skin that becomes dark in color when it comes into contact with the air. Blackheads are the first stage of the acne formation process. If they are not treated, they can spread and also form pimples, which are also referred to as pustules or papules.
Acne and blackheads typically develop during puberty as hormones rise up to the skin’s surface. This then causes more sebum (oil) to be produced by the sebaceous glands, which causes the skin’s surface to have an excessive amount of oil on it, which makes the skin oily and clogs the pores with acne-causing bacteria and sebum. The pores turn dark in color or black after these substances that are clogging the pores get exposed to air.